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Reasoning Ability Quiz 7th August 2018

image 2018-08-07 07:22:29
Reasoning Ability Quiz 7th August 2018

Directions (1-10): In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.
Given answer:
(a) if only I follows.
(b) if only II follows.
(c) if either I or II follows.
(d) if neither I nor II follows.
(e) if both I and II follow.
 
Q1. Statement: Increasing levels of air pollution is creating health hazards for people living in the cities.
Courses of action:
I. All industries should be shifted immediately to the outskirts of the cities.
II. Transport authorities should immediately ban all the vehicles running on petrol.
 
Q2. Statement: Large number of college students are found to be focusing more on fashion than on studies.
Courses of action:
I. Colleges should impose restrictions on use of fashionable clothes and accessories.
II. Colleges should keep the students busy enough with studies, so that they don’t find time far other things like fashion.
 
Q3. Statement: A large number of people gathered on the highway, blocking the traffic movement to protest the killing of five locals by a speeding vehicle.
Courses of action:
I. The police should fire tear gas shells to disperse the crowd.
II. The police authority should calm down the sentiment of the crowd, assuring action against the culprit and deploy police personnel at the spot.
 
Q4. Statement: Youngsters are often found staring at obscene posters.
Courses of action:
I. Children should be punished and penalized if they are found doing so.
II. Any display of such material should be banned. 
 
Q5. Statement: There has been a significant drop in the water level of all the lakes supplying water to the city.
Courses of action:
I. The water supply authority should impose a partial cut in supply to tackle the situation.
II. The government should appeal to all the residents through mass media for minimal use of water.
 
Q6. Statement: A very large number of students have failed in the final high school examination due to wrong questions in one of the subjects.
Courses of action:
I. All the students who have failed in that subject should be allowed to take supplementary examination.
II. All those who are responsible for the error an enquiry should be initiated to find out the facts.
 
Q7. Statement: Majority of the students in many schools do not pass in the final examination.
Courses of Action:
I. These schools should be closed down as these have become unproductive.
II. The teachers of these schools should immediately be retrenched.
 
Q8. Statement: There has been a substantial drop in the number of people opting for new telephone connection from the public sector telephone company in the recent months.
Courses of Action:
I. The public sector telephone company should immediately set up a committee to identify the reasons for the drop.
II. The public sector telephone company should offer new schemes with value-added services to woo the new clients.
 
Q9. Statement: The availability of imported fruits has increased in the indigenous market and so the demand for indigenous fruits has been decreased. 
Course of Action: 
I. To help the indigenous producers of fruits, the government should impose high import duty on these fruits, even if these are not of good quality. 
II. The fruit vendors should stop selling imported fruits so that the demand for indigenous fruits would be increased 
 
Q10. Statement: Many people have encroached upon Govt. property and built their houses and business establishments. 
Course of action: 
I. The government should take immediate steps to remove all unauthorized constructions on Govt. land. 
II. All the encroachers should immediately be put behind bars and also be slapped with a hefty fine.

Solution(1-10):

S1. Ans.(d)
Sol. Both courses of action I and II are not advisable .

S2. Ans.(d)
Sol. Course of action I is not advisable because it is a repressive measure / step.
Course of action II is not advisable because it will be extreme course of action.

S3. Ans.(b)
Sol. Course of action I is not advisable because it will be an extreme action/step.
Course of action II is advisable because it will be the right action/step.

S4. Ans.(b)
Sol. According to the statement, youngsters are staring at obscene posters. Course of action I is not a judicious step in dealing such a problem. So, display of obscene material should be banned because it create, unhealthy imprints on the impressionable fragile minds of youngsters.
Therefore, only course of action II is appropriate and follows.

S5. Ans.(e)
Sol. Both the courses of action I and II are suitable for pursuing.
Course of action I is advisable because partial cut in supply will be useful during water crisis.
Course of action II is also advisable because minimal use of water by people will help conserve water.Therefore, both the course of action I and II is appropriate and logically follows.

S6. Ans.(e)
Sol. Both the courses of action are suitable for pursuing.
All the failed students should be allowed to take supplementary examination because they should not be made to suffer on account of wrong questions in the examination paper.
Also, disciplinary action should be taken against the persons responsible for wrong question paper to prevent re-occurrence of such a blunder in the future.
Therefore, both the courses of action I and II are appropriate and follows.

S7. Ans.(d)
Sol. Course of action I is not advisable because it will be an extreme action/step.
Course of action II is also not advisable because it will be the harsh measure/step.

S8. Ans.(e)
Sol. Course of action I is advisable because it will be helpful to tackle the situation.
Course of action II is also advisable because it may attract more customers.

S9. Ans.(d)
Sol. Course of action I is not advisable because it is not fully correlated with the statement.
Also, course of action II is not practically viable.

S10. Ans.(a)
Sol.Course of action I is advisable because it will be helpful to stop the unauthorized construction.
Course of action II is not advisable because it is an extreme action/step.