Q1. Cause: All the major rivers in the state have been flowing way over the danger level for the past few weeks. Which of the following is/are possible effect (s) of the above cause?
(A) Many villages situated near the riverbanks are submerged, forcing the residents to flee.
(B) Government has decided to provide alternate shelter to all the affected villagers residing near the river banks.
(C) The entire state has been put on high flood alert.
(a) Only (A)
(b) Only (A) and (B)
(c) Only (B) and (C)
(d) All (A), (B) and (C)
(e) None of these
Q2. Effect: At least 20 school children were seriously injured while going for a school picnic during the weekend.
Which of the following can be a probable cause of the above effect?
(a) The teacher accompanying the school children fell ill during the journey.
(b) The bus in which the children were travelling met with an accident while taking turn on the main highway.
(c) The driver of the bus in which the children were travelling did not report after the break at the halting place on their journey.
(d) The school authority banned all school picnics for the next six months with immediate effect.
(e) None of these
Directions (3-4): Below in each question are given two statements I and II. These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choices correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.
Mark answer (a): if statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
Mark answer (b): if statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
Mark answer (c): if both the statements I and II are independent causes.
Mark answer (d): if both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
Mark answer (e): if both the statements are effects of some common cause.
Q3. I. The public sector telecom service provider reduced the monthly rental substantially with immediate effect.
II. All the private sector telecom service providers have reduced their charges last week.
Q4. I. Police resorted to lathi-charge to disperse the unlawful gathering of large number of people.
II. The citizens’ forum called a general strike in protest against the police atrocities.
Directions (5-6): Each question below is followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the arguments is a ‘strong’ argument and which is a ‘weak’ argument.
Q5. Statement: Should the Government impose restrictions on access to sensitive information to the journalists to avoid the media hype?
I. Yes, the media creates hype and publishes distorted information all times.
II. No, journalists should have an access to all the information as media is the best source to expose the malfunctions in the society.
III. Yes, at times it leads to harassment of those who are affected and alleged to be involved in the crisis.
(a) All I, II and III are strong
(b) Only I and II are strong
(c) Only II and III are strong
(d) Only II is strong
(e) None is strong
Q6. Statement: Should there be only few banks in place of numerous smaller banks in India?
I. Yes. This will help secure the investor’s money as these big banks will be able to withstand intermittent market related shocks.
II. No. A large number of people will lose their jobs as after the merger many employees will be redundant.
III. Yes. This will help consolidate the entire banking industry and will lead to healthy competition.
(a) None is strong
(b) Only I and II are strong
(c) Only II and III are strong
(d) Only I and III are strong
(e) All are strong
Q7. Statement: The army has been alerted in the district following floods triggered by incessant rains.
Courses of Action:
I. Relief to flood-affected people should be arranged.
II. Supply of food articles should be arranged.
III. Adequate medical facilities should be arranged.
(a) None follows
(b) Only I follows
(c) Only II follows
(d) All follow
(e) Only III follows
Q8. Statement: Many students of the local school fell ill for the fourth time in a row in the last six months after consuming food prepared by the school canteen.
Courses of action:
I. The school management should immediately terminate the contract of the canteen and ask for compensation.
II. The school management should advise all the students not to eat food articles from the canteen.
III. The owner of the canteen should immediately be arrested for negligence.
(a) None follow
(b) Only II follow
(c) Only III follow
(d) Only I and II follow
(e) Only II and III follow
Directions (9-10): In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.
(a) if only conclusion I follows;
(b) if only conclusion II follows;
(c) If either I or II follows;
(d) if neither I nor II follows; and
(e) if both I and II follow.
Q9. Statement: The standard of education in private schools is much better than Municipal and Zila Parishad-run schools.
I. The Municipal and Zila Parishad should make serious efforts to improve standard of their schools.
II. All Municipal and Zila Parishad schools should be closed immediately.
Q10. Statement: In a recent survey, it has been stated that those who undertake physical exercise for at least half an hour a day are less prone to have any heart ailments.
I. Moderate level of physical exercise is necessary for leading a healthy life.
II. All people who do desk-bound jobs definitely suffer from heart ailments.
According to the given cause, it is clear that all are the possible effects as mentioned in statements A, B and C.
According to the given effect, option (b) seems to be a probable cause because of such injuries.
From the given two statements I and II it seems that the initiatives taken by the public sector telecom service provider may have been taken in order to compete with the private sector telecom service provider.
From the given two statements I and II, it seems that the people’s mass protest against the police might have instigated the latter to indulge in Lathi Charge to disperse the mob. Therefore, statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
Argument I and II is not strong because of the word ‘all’ is used in the statement.
Argument III is not strong because harassment in this type of case is undesirable.
Argument I is weak because it is vague.
Argument II is weak because it is not true.
Argument III is also weak because it does not provide convincing reason.
All courses of action are advisable because they will be helpful to tackle the situation.
Course of action I is hard action but it is advisable because many students of local school fell ill fourth time in a row in the last six month after consuming food prepared by school canteen.
Course of action II is advisable because students of local school fell ill fourth time in a row in the last six month after consuming food prepared by school canteen. So management should advice all the students not to eat food articles from the canteen.
Course of action III is also not advisable because it is an extreme action/step.
Conclusion I follows as it is directly implied by the given statement.
Conclusion II does not follow because it is too severe.
Conclusion I follows as it is mentioned in the given statement that chances of heart ailments are greatly reduced by a regular half-hour exercise.
Conclusion II does not follow because of the word ‘definitely’.